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Management Consulting
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Business Plan
Stan J. Caterbone
March 1989

I) Introduction And Overview
  • Business Summary- Qualifications of Principals
  • Summary of Management Team
  • Summary of Financial Projections
  • Financing Alternatives
  • Selection of Financial Proposal
  • Benefits to the Investor and/or Lender
II) The Microwave Industry
  •  Description- Industry Statistics (National, State, & Local)
  • Industry Forecasts
  • The LNA Market
  • Competitors Analysis
III) The Low Noise Amplifier (The Product)
  • Product Description and Specifications
  • Product Uses
  • Product Patents, Trademarks & Copyright Data
  • Future Products & Descriptions
IV) Marketing
  • Marketing Objectives
  • Marketing Strategies
  • Price Strategies
  • Distribution Strategies
V) Operations
  • Facilities
Production Quality Control
Shipping & Packaging

VI) The Organization

  • Organizational Chart
  • Mission Statement
  • Key Personnel
  • Outside Consultants
  • Labor force
VI) Financial Projections
  • Profit Loss
  • Cash Flow Pro Forma
  • Break Even Analysis
VIII) Appendix
  • Resumes
  • Trade Literature
  • Market Research Data & Statistics
  • Trademarks, Copyrights and Name Registrations
  • Competitors' Brochures and Media Advertising
  • Radio Science Laboratories Publicity Material
  • Principals' Financial Statements

Business Summary: Radio Science Laboratories, Inc. proposes to enter the Design and Manufacturing sector to the RF/Microwave and Telecommunications Industry. Utilizing the talents of Design Engineer and President, James A. Cross, Radio Science Laboratories, Inc. (RSL,Inc.) will initially introduce a line of Ultra Low Noise Amplifiers. These amplifiers will be marketed to the RF and Microwave Industry for a variety of applications including the following:
  • Satellite Communications
  • Telemetry System
  • Radar
  • Radio Astronomy
  • Interferometry
  • Tracking and Direction Finding Systems
  • Optical Communications
  • Medical Instrumentation
  • Many Other Transmit/Receive Environments
Business Summary
RSL, Inc. will provide superior products through it's advanced Research and Design process. However, constant monitoring on budgets and cash flows will serve as a check and balance against an unprofitable Research and Development program.
The first model, a Wide Band Ultra Low Noise Amplifier, with a frequency range of 2MGz to 20GHz, will out perform the existing market in its ability to reduce the noise level as much as 50%. This will in essence give the receiving device a much higher signal, thus reducing the amount of transmit power required to drive the system. This is directly correlated to the price that the amplifier is worth. So you not only increase the performance, you also increase the value of the device on the marketplace.Other Ultra Low Noise Amplifiers are designed for specific narrow band applications. One of the most popular is the 17.2GHz to 17.7GHz narrow band which is the transmitting frequency for the Direct Broadcast Satellite (DBS) system. This particular application is especially popular in Europe.

By instituting a comprehensive, and aggressive Marketing program, Radio Science Laboratories, Inc. will network several major sectors to develop a distribution system that will compliment its product line as well as its Research and Development Programs. Utilizing a Private Label program developed for smaller companies, a consortium of established sales reps, and procurement representatives for the government and military, along with in house marketing programs. RSL,Inc. will depend on its ability to market its products in a low cost but effective manner, which can be achieved by producing a superior product.

Fiscal Management will not take a back seat to either Research and Development or Marketing. RSL,Inc. will consider its tough and rigid Fiscal Programs to be as much of an Asset as anything else on its Balance Sheet. With high regard for Economic and Industry forecasts, RSL,Inc. will attempt to minimize and limit its downside risks during all markets and all Business Cycles.
By utilizing a highly sophisticated Advanced Technology Network System, utilizing the Hewlett Packard 9000 as the system driver, the organization will be fully automated and integrated producing efficiency and organization throughout. The following systems will be included:
  • Inventory Control
  • Quality Control
  • Accounting & Reporting
  • Information Management
  • Shipping & Handling
  • Computer Assisted Design (CAD)
  • Communications
  • Automated Assembly Processing
  • Test and Design System
Complimenting the previous Netwprk, will be the highly innovative Test and Research Equipment that will allow engineers to be fully automated from design conception to the construction of a working model, inclusive of all layout and artwork. To provide an efficient assembly process, all laborers will be trained and educated to perform all tasks in the entire process. This will accomplish two things; it will allow production to be fluid, and even more important it will create a more motivated atmosphere allowing workers to have more pride.
More importantly, an ESOP (Employee Stock Ownership Program), will be instituted, thus giving all workers a sense of pride and security from Management that will support all employees creating a complimentary and supportive relationship.

James A. Cross

Since 1981 cross microwave consultants has provided to the industry, rf and miowave component and systems design. Some projects include:

  • low noise Amplifiers 5 mhz to 27 ghz, Noise source design 2 to 18, ghz  vco 10 mhz to 18 ghz, smt filters 5 mhz to 2.5 =hz,
  • stripline, Microstrip and suspended substrate filters 4 ghz to  20 ghz, qpsk
  • spread Spectrum radio direct Sequence in compliance with fcc part 15.247, in frequency range of 800 mhz to 2.4 ghz.

Developed Frequency tracking profile receiving system for identifying 2-18 ghz jamming Sources, 318 mhz Fsk digital radio for cardiac telemetry system , 1.4 ghz doppler  radar receiver  , frequency synthesizer designs, 10 mhz to 1.2 ghz, qpsk digital telcom radio 10 Channel, at 700 mhz, 704 kb/ps data rate, 2-20 mmic slope amplifier for driving 50 to 100 ft of teflon cable.

2000 - Moseley, Santa Barbara Ca
Senior RF Design Engineer

Design Linear Power Amplifiers For Multi Level Modulated Microwave Radios 650 Mhz 8 Ghz

1999 - Itt Gaastek, Roanoke Va
Advanced Design Engineer

Design Radar Transmitter And Reciever 8-12 Ghz Eight Layer Board With Vertical Transitions Coplanar To Strip Line, Stripline To Microstrip

1999 - Ail Labs, Commack Long Island Ny
Design Engineer

Designed LNA Amplifiers And Diplexers For Gen-Sat Apllications

1998-1999 - Anaren Microwave, Syracuse Ny
Advanced Design Enginee

Designed Feed-Forward  Circuits, Hi-Power Switches For Pcs And Cellular Applications

1996 – 1998 - Philips Broadband Networks, Manlius Ny:
Staff Design Engineer Consultant

Designed Elliptical Diplexer Filters 42-54, 55,70, 65-85 550,600 Mhz  For Return Amplifier Systems Designed 5 Mhz To 1 Ghz Broadband Amplifier Systems For Cable Tv Applications.

1995-1996 - Amplidyne  Bellemead, NV
Senior Desig n Engineer

Design Of 10 -100 Watt Class A, Ab Feed Forward 800 Mhz To 2 Ghz Power Amplifiers For Pcs And Cellular Applications.

1995 - At&T Middletown,  NJ
Consultant Summer

Instructor For Advanced Rf And Microwave Theory  And Design.

1981-Present - Cross Microwave Consultants Laguna Beach, California

List Of Experience Above.
Trac Tel Corporation Consultant

1986-1987 Laguna, Beach, Ca

Developed Video Receivers And Transmitters 100 Mhz To 18 Ghz Range.

Developed 418 Mhz Doppler Tracking System

1985-1990 – Motorola, Advanced Semiconductor Div. Phoenix, Az

Tested New  Semiconductor Lines And Established Dc, Noise And S-Parameter Data.

1985-1990 - Microwave Software, San Juan Capistrano, Ca
Eastern Region Distributor Tested Rf Microwave Design Software For Data format And Operation.

1985-1986 - Raydx Satellite Systems, Ocala, Fl
Senior Design Engineer
Designed Dbs Low Noise Down Converter For C-Ku Band, Low Noise Amplifiers 2-18 Ghz, Designed C Band Frequency Synthesizer, Used Saw Resonators For Various Oscillator Designs,  2-18 Ghz Vcos.

Us Navy Honorable Discharge

Marquette University Bsee Gpa 3.8

Microwave Integrated Amplifier And Oscillator Design Course By: Dr Allen Sweet And George Vendelin. Subjects: S-Parameter Design, Yig Filters And Oscillators, Temperature Stability Theory, Mic Processing Techniques, Thick Film Design.
Motorola 68000 Series Microprocessor School Tempe, Az

Software Experience
15 Years Experience In Linear And Non Linear Active And Passive Modeling. Silvacos Smart-Spice, Pspice,Intusoft Spice, Libra, Touchstone, Optoteks Mmicad  Linear  Analysis, Hp-Eesof Products, Cnl Linear And Nonlinear Microwave Analysis, Tesla   Systems Design. Super Compact, Hp Appcad, Protel, Orcad,  Circuit Board Design. Misc.

Listed in Who's Who in Electronic Manufacturing and RF Microwave Wireless Design

Stanley J. Caterbone 

Stanley J. Caterbone: Mr. Caterbone is the Chief Executive Officer and will be responsible for the management and the success of Radio Science Laboratories, Inc.. Mr. Caterbone was the founder of Financial Management Group, Ltd., a diverse financial service organization, providing financial services and products to its clients.

Mr. Caterbone was able to take an idea discussed over breakfast in November of 1986, and by July of 1987 the organization began operations in a new 20,000 square foot building in Eden Park with 17 Professionals representing the following professions:
  • Financial Planning
  • Legal & Estate Planning
  • Accounting
  • Insurance
  • Real Estate
  • Portfolio & Security Brokerage
  • Pension Plan Administration
  • Employee Benefits
  • Mortgage Banking
In the following months, FMG, Ltd., grew to include satellite offices in Philadelphia, Harrisburg, Reading, Camp Hill, Lewisburg, Minneapolis MN, and Medford NJ. At the end of its first year, the organization included as many as 60 professionals in various location.

Mr. Caterbone was responsible for raising the initial capital of nearly $400,000 for equipment and operation capital. The equity was secured under Regulation D, Rule 144 of the Securities and Exchange Commission of Pennsylvania. As Executive Vice President of FMG, Ltd., Mr. Caterbone Was responsible for the design and installation of an advanced computer networking system, integrating a host of software allowing the development of in-house Financial Plans, which was regarded as one of the most comprehensive on the market. Mr. Caterbone served as President of FMG Advisory, the Registered Investment Advisor. This wholly owned subsidiary of FMG, Ltd., was responsible for the marketing of Fee-based Financial Plans and Investment Advisory and Consulting services.

Mr. Caterbone was instrumental in the conceptual and strategic planning that he utilized in developing the Business Plan for the Organization. This also included the acquisition of a minority interest in Planners Security Group, Inc. of Atlanta, Georgia, which is a national Broker Dealer.
The initial budgets and pro forma that he developed, were found to be very instrumental in managing the financial affairs of the organization through the critical and most difficult first 12 months. Additional responsibilities included negotiating contracts with recruitment, Insurance Contracts, and New Products.

During Mr. Caterbone's tenure, the organization was raising over $80 million dollars of new investment capital annually, which surpassed the original projections of the business plan by 3 years. His original stock holdings were sold for a 500% gain in 2 years.
Prior to starting Financial Management Group, Ltd, Mr. Caterbone spent 5 years in the Financial Services Industry primarily operating a Financial Planning practice.

Mr. Caterbone will utilize his experience in strategic planning, fiscal management, marketing, and most importantly the success of a start up venture.

Stanley J. Caterbone: Stanley J. Caterbone will act as Chief Executive Officer and will be responsible for the management of Radio Science Laboratories, Inc.. Mr. Caterbone will utilize his past management experience to place an extreme amount of importance upon developing a comprehensive Strategic Plan capable of directing a successful and profitable organization. This Business Plan will chart a course of action for RLS, Inc., that will not only be used to secure financing, but more importantly as a Plan of Action to be closely monitored and constantly adjusted in order to pursue the Goals and Objectives of the entire Organization. Far too many start up companies only rely upon the Business Plan as a means of raising money, and after they have accomplished that, the Business Plan is never to be seen again, until they need additional capital. Unfortunately by that time it is too late because now their business is in mass confusion, and raising new capitol is the only answer. In order to minimize the downside risk of this business venture, it becomes imperative to know precisely where your organization is and where your organization is going.

In order to initiate and pursue its goals, Mr. Caterbone will demand a High emphasis on corporate Communications—from Top to Bottom. This will be implemented and supported by utilizing a highly efficient and automated Management Information System. Installing a Local Area Network and developing an advanced system of network technology to support the following systems:
  • Communications Systems
  • Management Information Systems
  • Accounting & Inventory Control
  • Research and Design
  • Marketing Research
  • Fiscal Management
  • Distribution Systems
Employee Ownership: Mr. Caterbone will again use his strategy of creating a dedicated and responsible organization by providing ownership of Radio Science Laboratories, Inc. to all employees. Firmly believing that productivity is ones vested interest in the overall success of the organization. An Employee Stock Ownership Plan (ESOP) will be administered. This will accomplish the following:
  • Higher Employee Retention
  • Higher Productivity
  • Better Working Environment
  • More Dedication & Responsibility
  • Increase in Motivation
Mr. Caterbone attributes the fast and successful development of Financial Management Group, Ltd., to the above strategy. This strategy often provides the means of attracting highly Qualified Key Personnel to the organization and directly links personal performance to the success of the organization.

Mr. Caterbone will also rely upon the expertise of various outside consultants in order to create a lean but effective management team. This will help to reduce overhead without loosing the resources to build the successful organization.
A strong Fiscal Policy will be utilized as an asset to provide the impeius necessary to reduce the risk associated with start up companies. RSL, Inc., will implement specific strategies and techniques to utilize all available resources and reduce capitol spending unless absolutely necessary in respective situations. This will become extremely important regarding capitol expenditure or plant & Equipment, and inventory control procedures.
Lynn C. Cross will serve as Executive Vice President and will be responsible for Administration and Management ,of the labor force, Lab and Production. Ms. Cross' experience in managing an LNA production facility will provide the ingredients for an efficient and profitable Assembly and Production team.

By using a strategy, Cross Assembly Stations, all employees will become trained & educated on all jobs involving the production of an LNA. This helps to create the following:
  • Reduction in Downtime
  • Higher Productivity
  • Increased employee moral
  • Flexibility During Production Cycle
  • Increased Performance & Quality
An extreme emphasis upon training and education will help to increase the longevity of the organization and the quality of people.

Product Description and Specifications: A low noise amplifier (LNA) is a high gain solid state amplifier that is used to boost, the very weak signal that is received from the transmit source. There are several transmit/receive environments in which the Low Noise Amplifier is vital to the performance of the system:
  • Satellite Communications
  • Telemetry Systems
  • Radar
  • Radio Astronomy
  • Interferometry
  • Tracking and Direction Finding
  • Optical Communications
  • Medical Instrumentation
  • Other Transmit/Receive Environments
The Low Noise Amplifier is vital to the performance of the transmit/receive system because of its ability to boost the very weak signal (usually about 100,000 times or 50 DB) by reducing the noise at the front end of the radio or Microwave Frequency, which greatly reduces the overall cost of the system. The RF or radio frequency is the range of less than 1,000 Megahertz(MGh) in which signals are received, and the Microwave Frequency is greater than 1000 MGh. We will design and develop LNA's used for various applications within the frequency range of DC to 100 GHz. RSL, Inc. will desiga LNA's with both narrow and wide band applications.

The LNA is vital to the performance of the respective transmit/receive system because of its effectiveness to substantially increase the signal strength of the transmit medium. By using a Low Cost method of reducing the noise that the signal creates when it is amplified by the LNA, a stronger signal is produced and carried through the receiver. The noise is created because constant motion of electrons that is present in all molecules.

Why the Low Noise Amplifier for noise reduction? There are primarily three methods of reducing the Noise Level of the signal in transmit/receive environments:
  • Increase Transmit Power
  • Increase Gain of Receiver Antenna
  • Reduce the Noise in the Receiver
In the first method we would increase the transmit power to the receiver antenna. If we would double the transmission power, the result would be less transmission path loss and the gain will increase over the noise within the transmission path. This method will produce a much higher cost as apposed to using an LNA at the receiver front end. The second method would be to increase the gain of the receiver antenna. This method would also add a substantial increase in cost to the overall system.

By utilizing an LNA at the receiver front end, we reduce the noise and substantially increase the signal gain over the transmission path. This allows us to use less transmission power, creating a better noise Performance and lower cost of the overall system. This becomes the best alternative when comparing noise performance, cost effectiveness of the overall system.

Performance and Rating LNA's: The performance and the quality of the Low Noise Amplifier - its ability to produce a higher signal by lowering its noise level, substantially increases its value, and market price. RSL, Inc. will enthusiastically and aggressively utilize its research and design experience of James A. Cross to concentrate in a niche market of developing a product line of wide and narrow band LNA's performing at or better than the existing products currently on the market. This will provide higher margins and less competition.

Description: The microwave industry was born bach in 1886 because of the historical experiment of a scientist named Henrick Hertz. Using what are now called microwave Circuits and techniques, Hertz experimentally validated James Maxwell's theory of Electromagnetism. Hertz went on to build a radio frequency transmitter and receiver, a small Detector used to measure fields inside a coaxial line, and a parabolic-reflector transmitter and receiver with which Hertz demonstrated that electric waves at centimeter wavelengths have properties similar to those of light waves.
This began the development of the revolutionary, high technological Microwave Industry. The advent of the Microwave Industry expands into many dimensions and applications of our present and future society, most common is the Telecommunications industry. The use of Microwaves has given us a new understanding of the universe in which we live. (Microwave Journal May '88 Pg. 44-47 Mario A. Maury, Jr. Maury Microwave Corp., Cucamonga CA).

The following chart gives us a good foundation of where Microwaves are used today, along with the applications:
  • Communications (Cable, point-to-point, troposcatter, satellite)
  • Sensors (radar, radiometry)
  • Military (weapon control, electronic warfare, Strategic DefenseInitiative (SDI Program)
  • Navigation (satellite-based, ground, sea, and air)
  • Instrumentation (microwave, medical)
  • Energy (heating and cooking, power transmission fusion)
  • Information
As you can see by the previous chart, Microwave technology supports many aspects of our lives, at home, at work, and even when sick. (MICROWAVE JOURNAL September '88, Anniversary Issue).

Satellite Communications Industry: This is one of the largest industries that will grow worldwide into a $20 Billion Dollar a year business, and is expected to reach $35 Billion Dollars by the 21st century. The industry is expected to rebound from its sluggish form of the mid 1980's, which was the direct result of the development of lightwave technology and more specifically fiber optics. However, this industry will continue to be a main source of Low Noise Amplifiers.

There are several trends in the satellite telecommunications market that will breath new opportunities to the industry. One is the growth of full-time international video channels. The number of channels has grown from one to thirty-five, since 1984. High-definition television (HDTV) is also expected to take off in the mid 1990's. This can especially be seen with the recent publicity regarding Federal Grant Programs for research and development in the HDTV. In addition, the videoconferencing market will show extreme signs of penetration and growth in the 1990's.

Direct Broadcast Satellite (DBS) is another example of technology that is finally starting to develop in the foreign marketplace. This specific market will be especially attractive for our Ultra Low Noise Amplifiers. We will aggressively pursue a share of this commercial market in order to establish a steady stream of revenues. ( For more details, see Market Plan) There are several indications of the growth in this market. France is thought to be leading the way with the development of ASTRA, TVSAT, AND TDE. Also are BSB, and Erinsat, and at least one Japanese project. However, one must approach this market with caution because of the risk associated with projects not subsidized by the respective governments.

Satellite Telecommunications (Continued)The mobil satellite market is also extremely hot right now. Supported by such satellites as INMARSAT, GEOSTAR, OMNINET, AND LOCSTAR, a solid market will need to be established in order to give this market some stability.

The most demand will not pursue the glamorous new services as described above, but rather seek the proven technology of the Fixed Satellite Services. Internationally this market is expected to grow 10% per year, along with the domestic market to be equally strong. To date 35 countries have purchased or leased domestic services from INTELSAT, a satellite that we have launched into orbit. In the future, 24 more countries have obtained or plan to launch their own separate domestic satellite systems. However, the satellite industry must respect the development of fiber optic cables. This will create a market thrust in the areas of Business networks, and private users. The Public users will switch heavily toward the fiber optic networks. Over 50,000 miles of cable has already been laid underground so far.

The biggest improvements in the telecommunications industry are in the area of digital communications compression techniques. Both telecommunications and fiber optics are thought to be lagging in their development. Ground antenna technology, particularly VSAT's and phased array antennas are also continuing to improve performance while reducing costs. On-board processing and regeneration, and cellular satellite antenna designs, if developed to potential, would have tremendous impact on the dramatic satellite gains made possible by the mid 1990's,or later.
The Japanese are becoming aggressive in satellite communications, as seen in their pursuit of higher frequencies, on-board processors, and the use of microterminals in their various satellite projects. The dominance of the United States, held for nearly two decades, will begin to give way to the Japanese and the Europeans. NEC of Japan will fight the American strongholds of Hughes Network Systems, Scientific-Atlanta, and Contel.
Satellite communications of the 1990' swill be marked by the rapidly developing technology of advanced digital compression techniques, on-board switching and processing, phase array/flat antennas, and satellite cellular antennas systems. Opportunities will be seen in the following areas:
  • New mobile and radio determination satellite services
  • Expanding worldwide domestic satellite market
  • New satellite technology
  • Hot new business networks market
  • Fast growing VSAT/flat antenna market
  • Deregulation/by pass/private satellite systems
  • Solid international satellite growth
  • New Video opportunities (digital video and HDTV)
  • Thin route service at takeoff
  • New tele-health and tele-education applications
There remains to be many old and new opportunities in the satellite telecommunications industry. The space applications is enormous for microwave components, however, it will remain a speculative environment. It is because of this, we will remain cautious and conservative in penetrating any specific segments of this industry. (MICROWAVE JOURNAL Feb 1989, Dr. Joseph N. Pelton)

10 Channel Radio System Design Specifications
1. As discussed, we are enclosing the datails of 10 channel and 30 channel (704 KBS and 2048 kb Digital Radio Systems) required by us.
2. As discussed with you these specifications are only a guideline and the actual product should have much better performance than this.
3. In terms of environmental conditions, it should work for -10 to +50'C 95% RH.
4. We will prefer to have components of Motorola, Fujitsu, Mitsubishi to be used by you and we do not want any proprietary components.
5. You can give us the details for Duplexers used for single antenna as we have the same Duplexers in production with us.
6. This equipment is required by us in both bands, i.e. 350 to 500 Mhz and 600 to 700 Mhz.
7. We do not know if you will be using SAW filter for the IF at 70 Mhz. If you are going to use, kindly let us know the specifications as we will be in     the position to help you in this regard.
8. Regarding the baseband processing, i.e. Trans base band processor (TBP) or receiver (RBP). If you can use DSP, it could reduce the cost and         that will be better or otherwise you can plan ASIC at a rate for control purpose.

1.3.5 The components shall be marked with their schematic references so that they are identifiable from the component layout diagram in the    

1.3.6 The equipment shall use min. number of proprietary components and a list of such components shall be clearly indicated. Equipment using
    components which are available from multiple
sources will be preferable.
1.3.7 All controls, switches, indicators etc., shall be clearly  marked to show their circuit designations and functions.
1.3.8 Each terminal block and terminal shall be marked with an identifying code.
1.3.9 Maintenance philosophy is to replace faulty units after quick analysis of monitoring and alarm indications and built-in test equipment. The actual repair will be undertaken at suitable centralized repair centers. The installation at site shall involve simple plug-in connections only.
1.3.10 The supervisory indications, built-in test equipment (BITE) and other control switches, should be provided at convenient height.

The equipment shall have easy access for servicing and maintenance.

The repeater stations and in many cases terminal stations, may be kept unattended. Hence, remote supervisory facility is to be provided.
All important switches/controls on the front panel shall be provided with suitable safeguards such as interlock system to avoid accidental operation by the maintenance personnel.

The healthy condition of the units shall be displayed by green LED's, unhealthy condition by red LED's and change of status by amber indication.
1.3.11 1.3.12
1.3.13 1.3.14
2.0 2.1 2.2
2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6
2.8 2.9 2.10 2.11
2.12 2.13

System Specifications Type of circuitry: Frequency Range:
10 channel -
Number of voice channels: Voice coding:
Data rate from and to MUX: Interface towards MUX:
Baseband interconnect facility:
Level/jitter tolerance: Bit Rate tolerance: Line Data Rate: Type of Modulation:
Modulation method: Type of modulation:

Solid State
a) 367.0 - 399.9 Mhz.
b) 420.0 - 436.5 Mhz.
    445.0 - 461.5 Mhz.
c) 658.0 - 667.0 Mhz.
    703.0 - 712.0 Mhz.
    30 (Thirty)
    64 kbps PCM
    2.048 Mbps. - 704 Kbps.
    HDB-3. AS per CCITT G-703. Both 75 ohms unbalanced and 120 ohms balanced options settable through strappings to be provided.
    Regenerative Repeater.
    As per CCITT G-823
    +/- 50 PPm.
    To be specified by supplier.
    QPSK, OQPSK or any other
    modulation with specific advantages,
    Modulation at RF or IF. Co-herent.

2.14 2.15

Adjacent channel spacing: TX-RX separation

2 Mhz. or less.
a) 16.5 Mhz. in 367.0 band.
b) 25.0 Mhz. in 420.0 band.
c) 45.0 Mhz. in 658.0 band.
399.9 Mhz, 461.5 Mhz, 662.0 Mhz,

    Adjacent Channel D/U     (for threshold degradation of 2 dB): 0 dB.


Co Channel D/U (for threshold degradation of 2 dB):
    Receiver IF
    Supervisory Channels:
        20 dB.
        70 Mhz. any other IF used may be indicated.
     Supervisory Channels for Omnibus orderwire and Remote supervision shall be provided. Express order-wire and Telecomand channels are optional.

2.20 Orderwire
2.20.1 Type:
2.20.2 Band:
2.20.3 4W Trans/Receive Level:
Type of operation: (This type required only for 10 channel that is 704 KB. 30 channel at 2048 KBS 1+1 not standby) Monitoring with BITE:
Inservice Monitoring:

Digital PCM/ADM
0.3 to 3.4 kHz. with omnibus calling facility on buzzer and loudspeaker and speech on loudspeaker and handset. Handset to be provided. -3 dBm         preferable.
Single RF channel in (1 + 0) configuration with redundancy in the form of duplicated power amplifier and power supply.
Built-in test equipment (BITE) for monitoring parameters such as TX Power, Rec. RF level, Health of TLO/RLO, Primary voltages, PSU voltages etc. should be provided. The details of parameters monitored may be indicated.

Monitoring sockets for measurements with regular instruments shall be provided for parameters such as TX

3.0 3.1
3.2 3.3

Inservice Monitoring Continued :
    TX power, TLO/RLO frequency, PSU voltages Receive RF level etc. Actual parameters for which sockets are provided may be indicated.
Visual Alarm:
    Visual indication for parameters such as system failure, power supply output failure, TX power low, TLO/RLO unhealthy condition, quality                 deterioration (high BER/sinc. failure), no data output etc. to be provided. The explanation of the alarms provided shall be given.
Audible alarm:
    Potential free contacts shall be provided for extension of audible alarm. Reset facility for audible alarm shall be provided.
Remote Supervision:
    The terminal station (controlling station) shall monitor the status of the unattended repeater station and also the far end terminal station (            controlled station). The following parameters are to be monitored locally and conveyed to the controlling station from each repeater and far end     terminal station.
1) RF path failure
2) Any sub-system failure
3) Two other parameters related to the station.
    The details of alarms provided may be indicated with diagnostic procedure. If grouping of alarms is done for remote supervision, clear explanation     should be given. Number of HOPS - 4 nos. with drop insert ? of channels.
    Transmitter Specifications
    Trans Power at antenna port: + 30 dBm (min.) 50 ohms, + 35 dBm (max.).

3.4 Spurii and harmonic emission at antenna port: 25 microwatt maximum.
3.5 Protection: Transmitter shall be protected against infinate VSWR.
4.0 Receiver Specifications
4.1 Noise figure at antenna port: 4 dB or less.
4.2 RLO stability: • +/~ 10
4.3 IF frequency: 70 Mhz . Any other IF used may be specified.
4.4 3 dB IF bandwidth: The supplier shall indicate actual bandwidth.
4.5 IF impedance: 75 ohms. Return loss may be specified,
4.6 Reference RF level at antenna port: -63 dBm/50 ohms.
4.7 AGC range: From overload point to threshold Linearised AGC voltage shall be available for recording.
4.8 Image Frequency Rejection: 80 dB or better.
4.9 Receiver overload point for no deterioration of quality: -40 dBm or better.
4.10 Receiver threshold in absence of interfering signal for BER of 1x10' -6: -89 dBm at antenna port.
4.11 Operating range: From overload point to threshold.
4.12 Squelch: To be operated for quality deterioration (Sync, fail or BER of 1x10" -3) . Under squelch condition AIC shall be transmitted towards         MUX. 5.0 Specification for Branching Equipment
5.1 TX - RX frequency spacing: As specified at si. No. 2.15
5.2 Insertion loss in transmit direction (TX port to Ant. port) : 2 dB max.
5.3 Insertion loss in receive direction (antenna port to RX port) : 2 dB max.
5.4 TX-RX isolation: 80 dB or better.
5.5 Return loss at antenna port over 3 dB bandwidth of TX and RX frequencies: 20 dB or better.
5.6 Nominal impedance at Antenna port: 50 ohms.
5.7 Type of connector at ant. port: N-female
6.0 Power Supply Specifications
6.1 Input D.C. voltage: -48V (-40v - -65v)
6.2 Input DC voltage variation (limits) for operation of the system without degradation in performance: -40v to -60v.
6.3 ? ? to be provided: Over voltage, short circuit, overload, under voltage and reverse polarity.
6.4 Derived D.C. voltage: The number of voltages used shall be minumum. Voltage distribution scheme to be furnished.
6.5 Total Power Consumption: 45 watts (typical). Actual power consumption may be indicated by the supplier.
7.0 Environmental Specifications 0 - +50 'C. As per IPT-1001A catagory B including vibration, bump, salinity and dust test.
8.0 Transportation and Storage: -20 deg.C to 60 deg.C for storage. -40 deg.C to 60 deg.C for transport.
9.0 Simulated Single Hop Specification
9.1 BER Performance: Better than 1x10"-10 at threshold, 1x10"-10 from overload to 5 dB above threshold level.
9.2 OrderWire

The parameters shall be tested for input D.C. voltage variation as specified in performance specifications. BER performance over simulated hop is to be established for no errors as specified in para.
Co-channel and adjacent channel D/U measurements are to be carried out at threshold with modulated undesired signal. Bit rate tolerance and     jitter specs, of the system are to be established at threshold receive level.
9.2.1 Response:
9.2.3 Distortion:
9.2.3 Noise performance:
10.0 Maintainability:
11.0 Reliability:
    Other requirements
       a) CCITT G.712 for Digital PCM
    b) +/- 2dB or better with respect to 1 Khz. tone at -20 dBm for ADM.
    c) +/-2 dB or better with respect to 1 Khz. tone at -3dBm for analoq.
    d)2 dB or better for PCM ???
    e) -53 dbmop or better for digital
    f) -45 dbmop or better for analog

Type of construction practice may be indicated with details of accessability for maintenance etc.
The reliability prediction shall be worked out on the basis of guidelines issued by Quality Assurance Wing of DOT video document No. QM 115.
Better than 1,000,000 hours per Transreceiver expected.

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